Ferns






Cheilanthes argentea (Silver Cloak)

A delightful and beautiful fern from China. It needs sharp drainage and lime to do well, winter wet would be the biggest danger for this fern. The fronds have white wax glands on the underside, giving a striking white finish.

 
Height:  10" (prostrate & creeping  habit)
Width: 15"
Water: Moist but well-drained
Exposure: Partial Sun
Hardiness: Zone 5





Humata tyermanii (White Paw)
 
Humata gets it's common name, 'White Rabbit's Foot' from the white fur on the feet (rhizomes) that come over the edge of the pot. It is a very easy fern to grow. The most common problems for the consumer result from too little light and too much water. Baskets of Humata can be hung outside. Old fronds will be shed in winter and new ones will grow when it warms up again.

Height:  1-2 ft.
Width:  1-2 ft.
Water: Average Water Needs
Exposure: Filtered sun
Hardiness: Zone 8





Matteuccia struthiopteris (Ostrich Fern)

The shuttlecock fern is one of the easiest to identify, its fronds making a large, striking and unmistakable shape. Although happy in shady, humus-rich borders among other plants, it looks best grown in groups on its own in dappled shade, in woodland, rich damp grass or in a shady pond margin. The plant spreads slowly by underground rhizomes and, in time, builds up large groups on its own. The offsets can be dug up and moved in spring, but plants look best left to form colonies.

Height: 3-6 ft.
Width: 5-8 ft.
Water: Moist but well-drained
Exposure: Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 3





Osmunda cinnamomea (Cinnamon)

Bright green fronds that turn a rich cinnamon brown and resembling cinnamon sticks. This fern thrives in moist acid soil. Is deciduous.

Height: 3-4 ft.
Width: 2-4 ft.
Water: Moist but well-drained
Exposure: Partial Shade to Full Shade
Hardiness: Zone 4





Osmunda regalis

Royal fern is a tall, deciduous fern which usually occurs on moist bluffs and ledges and along streams (sometimes growing in the water). Typically grows in clumps to 2-3' tall, but with constant moisture can reach 6' in height. Broad fronds have large, well-separated pinnae (leaflets) which give this fern an almost pea-family appearance. Fronds typically turn yellow to brown in autumn. Spores are located in brown, tassel-like, fertile clusters at the tips of the fronds, thus giving rise to the additional common name of flowering fern for this plant. Osmunda fiber used in the potting of orchids comes from the fibrous roots of these ferns.
 

Height
: 2-3 ft.
Width: 2-3 ft.
Water: Moist but well-drained
Exposure: Partial Shade to Full Shade
Hardiness: Zone 3





Osmunda regalis 'Purpurascens'

Royal Fern is one of the largest and most spectacular species for the garden. Plants form a distinct clump of tall, arching fronds of bright green divided leaves. New spring growth is purplish in colour, the stems retaining this colour all season long. Brownish spore-bearing pinnae are clustered at the end of each leafy frond in a short spike. Loves moist to wet soil, tolerating full sun in cool summer regions. Old leaves should be pruned to the ground in late winter. Deciduous.
 
 

Height: 2-4 ft.
Width: 2-4 ft.
Water: Moist but well-drained
Exposure: Partial Shade to Full Shade
Hardiness: Zone 4





Polystichum munitum (Western Sword)

Western sword ferns abound in the forests of the Northwestern U.S. They are robust, reliable, and virtually maintenance-free. They put up with difficult soil and manage to keep up appearances even in hot, dry weather. Their deep green, leathery fronds are attractive year-round.
 

Height
: 3-6 ft.
Width: 3-6 ft.
Water: Moist but well-drained
Exposure: Partial to Full Shade
Hardiness: Zone 3






Polystichum setiferum ‘Divisilobum’

This outstanding selection forms a medium-sized clump of soft-textured feathery fronds, dark green in colour with a glossy finish. Plants perform best in soils that remain evenly moist, and slightly on the acidic side. Remains evergreen in mild winter regions. Attractive as a specimen, massed planted, or in containers. Easy.
 
Height: 1-2 ft.
Width: 1.5-2 ft.
Water: Moist but well-drained
Exposure: Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 5




Polystichum setiferum ‘Plumoso-Multilobum’

The queen of all ferns, Polystichum setiferum ‘Plumosomultilobum‘ graces your garden with an elegant, lacey appearance reminiscent of the Victorian times in which it was first discovered. This perennial evergreen fern forms a layered mound to about 18 inches tall and about 24 inches wide. The extremely finely cut, fluffy fronds have a soft, delicate texture when fully mature. Older plants produce fronds so finely divided they resemble a slab of moss. A cool feature of this fern is that the fronds curve outwards from the center of the plant – from above this resembles a whirlwind!  

Height
: 1.5 ft.
Width: 2 ft.
Water: Moist but well-drained
Exposure: Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 6