Hardy Edibles






Actinidia arguta 'Issai

Vigorous twining vine that produces delicious 1" smooth-skinned fruit. Good production from a showy landscape specimen. Attractive on arbor or trellis. Deciduous. There’s no need for a male vine around as it’s self-pollinating. This variety often bears the first year after planting, too. 
 
Height: 12-20 feet (Vine)
Width: 3-5 feet
Water: Regular irrigation in summer. Do not allow roots to dry out.
Blooms: May, Harvest in mid-fall
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 4


 


Actinidia arguta 'Male Hardy Kiwi'

Covered with fragrant, bright white flowers in May, this attractive, vigorous, and easy-to-grow variety is required to pollinate all female Hardy Kiwi varieties. One male plant can pollinate up to 8 female plants. Male plants do not bear fruit.  
 
Height: 15-20 feet (Vine)
Width: 3-5 feet
Water: Regular irrigation in summer. Do not allow roots to dry out.
Blooms: May
Exposure: Sun or Shade
Hardiness: Zone 4


 


Armoracia rusticana 'Big Top' (Horseradish)

Exceptionally vigorous perennial with large dock-like leaves and spicy hot roots, savored for centuries for their culinary and medicinal qualities. Horseradish tea is said to be an effective control for brown rot on stone fruit. ‘Big Top’ is a newer strain with disease resistance. Deep taproot with numerous shallow runner roots.

Height: 2-3 feet
Width: 2-3 feet
Water: Moist but well-drained soil
Blooms: Mid-Summer
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 3





Asimina triloba Susquehanna® (Pawpaw)

'Susquehanna' is an outstanding pawpaw. Large fruits - sometimes weighing over a pound - with rich, sweet flavor, exceptional fleshiness, and firm buttery texture. Firm fruits of 'Susquehanna' are similar in texture to avocado and a thicker skin than other varieties, making them less fragile than other pawpaw varieties. It has the fewest seeds of any variety (3% by weight). Moderate to good yields. An especially beautiful ornamental specimen tree in the home landscape. Responds well to pruning.

Height: 15-20 feet
Width: 15-20 feet
Water: Moist, but well-drained soil
Blooms: Late Spring/ Early Summer
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 5





Camellia sinensis 'Sochi Tea Seedling'

From Russia comes this member of the camelia family. In 1896 Russian travelers brought home from China 130 pods of tea seeds. So began the tea plantations of the Russian area of Sochi. These plantations are the northernmost in the world and are the most important agricultural crop of that area, where today 4 types of black tea are produced. These pretty shrubs have fragrant white fall flowers. The leaves may be used to make both green and black tea. Hardy to about 0' degrees Farenheit.

Height: 8-10 feet
Width: 8-10 feet
Water: Moist but well-drained soil
Blooms: September - November
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 7





Citrus limon 'Meyer Improved'

Excellent foliage is displayed on this medium to large shrub or small tree. Fragrant flowers produce thin skinned, juicy lemons year round. Protect from frost. Attractive accent. Evergreen.

Height: 8-10 feet
Width: 12 feet
Water: Moist but well-drained soil
Blooms: Repeatedly, Year-Round
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 8





Crocus sativus (Saffron)

Attractive lilac and mauve Saffron flowers appear and bloom in early fall and last for just a short time. The yellow, thread-like stigmas in the center of the flower are the Saffron spice and are gathered in mid-morning when dry, but before the flower wilts. Saffron is easy to grow and well adapted to our Northwest climate and other regions where temperatures do not fall below minus 10°F. In colder regions, Saffron can be grown in pots or dig the bulbs in the fall and replant in the spring. 10 Saffron Crocus bulbs will make enough Saffron for several dishes and will multiply every year. Keep bulbs protected from rodents.

Height: 4-6"
Width: 4-6"
Water: Well-drained soil
Blooms: September-October
Exposure: Full Sun
Zone: 6





Feijoa sellowiana 'Mammoth' (Pineapple Guava)

'Mammoth' is a slow-growing, tender evergreen tree or wall shrub with thick grey-green leaves and pinky-white flowers with fleshy petals and red star-burst stamens in spring followed in summer and autumn by regular shaped, oval, edible fruits with rough skin. It is self-fertile, but can also be cross-pollinated.
 
Height: 8 ft.
Width: 4-6 ft.
Water: Moist but well-drained soil
Blooms: Summer
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 8





Ficus carica 'Desert King' (Fig)

One of the best varieties for the Northwest, Desert King withstands fruit damaging, late spring frosts. Desert King is very productive and reliable, producing abundant, yellowish-green figs with sweet and richly flavorful, strawberry coloured flesh. Because it ripens in mid-summer, Desert King is a great variety for gardeners in coastal, high elevation, and other cool regions.


Height: 8-10 feet
Width: 12 feet
Water: Moist but well-drained soil
Blooms: Ripens in July
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 7





Ficus carica 'Vern's Brown Turkey' (Fig)

Vern's Brown Turkey has proven itself a reliable and productive variety in the Northwest. It bears large, sweet and flavorful dark brown figs with light amber flesh, often producing two crops a year.

Height: 8-10 feet
Width: 12 feet
Water: Moist but well-drained soil
Blooms: Ripens in July and September
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 7





Hippophae rhamnoides 'Leikora' (Seaberry)

Valued for both its fruit and its ornamental value, Leikora bears abundant crops of large, juicy, intensely flavored, bright orange berries. Leikora fruit ripens in early to mid-September and remains in good condition on the plant even after heavy frost. Leikora's fruit-laden branches make a nice addition to floral displays.

Height: 6-12 feet
Width: 6-8 feet
Water: Average
Blooms: April, Harvest in July
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 3





Hippophae rhamnoides 'Male' (Seaberry)

A good pollinator for many female varieties, and is also a fine ornamental with large, dark golden-brown, flower buds. One Male plant can pollinate up to 8 female plants.

Height: 6-10 feet
Width: 6-8 feet
Water: Average
Blooms: April
Exposure: Full Sun to Part Shade
Hardiness: Zone 3





Lycium barbarum 'Crimson Star'™ (Goji)

A deciduous perennial plant, it grows from 3-9’ in height. Purple flowers appear in late spring to early summer and the bright orange-red "Goji” berries ripen from August to October. The sweet tasty fruit is harvested by shaking the vine. Once the berries, about the size of a raisin, are fully ripe and full of nutrients, they fall off the vine easily. The berries may be eaten fresh or sun-dried to be enjoyed later. Usually fruits the first year.

Height: 3-9 feet (Vining)
Width: ~3 feet
Water: Well-drained soil
Blooms: Late Spring to Early Summer
Exposure: Full Sun
Hardiness: Zone 5





Mespilus germanica 'Breda Giant' (Medlar)

European chefs compare the taste of medlars to those choice gourmet foods, caviar and truffles. These small, self-fruitful trees grow about 8 to 10 feet tall. They have long, tropical-looking foliage, white flowers at the branch tips in spring and unusual 1 inch diameter round, brown fruits that are collected in the fall after first frosts. Fruits become soft and spicy with a cinnamon applesauce flavor and smoky overtones. Fruits may be eaten raw or made into jelly. Begins bearing 2 to 3 years after planting.

Height: 8-10 feet
Width: 8-10 feet
Water: Moist but well-drained soil
Blooms: May; Bears fruit in late fall, after frost
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 5





Olea europaea 'Arbequina' (Olive)

Beautiful evergreen tree. A new and valuable Spanish variety, Arbequina is a very attractive, naturally compact tree. Self-fertile and early ripening, Arbequina begins bearing the year after planting and makes gourmet quality olives and oil.

Height: 8-10 feet
Width: 8-10 feet
Water: Moist but well-drained soil
Blooms: May; Ripens in October
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 8





Poncirus trifoliata var. monstrosa (Flying Dragon Citrus)

Monstrosa's dense branches combine 1-inch, curved thorns with corkscrew twigs to create a round profile of great ornamental interest. Deciduous, three-lobed foliage. Greenish-yellow when young, the leaves progressed to glossy, deep green and summer before becoming yellow prior to dropping. In early to mid-spring, the shrub has mildly fragrant, 2-inch white showy flowers. The blooms give way to acidic, lemony-flavored orange-yellow fall fruit that often remains on the bushes well into winter. Hardy outdoors!

Height: 8-20 ft.
Width: 15 ft.
Water: Moist but well-drained soil
Blooms: Spring - Summer
Exposure: Full Sun
Hardiness: Zone 5





Punica granatum Favorite™ (Pomegranate)

This new hardy hybrid from Russia produces a nice tasty 4-5" Orangy-red fruit. Withstanding winter lows of below 10°F. Needs lots of heat in spring and summer to initiate flowers and fruit. Great as a bushy container plant.

Height: 4-6 feet
Width: 4-6 feet
Water: Dry to Moist well-drained soil
Blooms: Early to Late Summer
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hardiness: Zone 7





Rosmarinus officialis 'Wilma's Gold'

Wilma’s Gold’ is a prostrate type – it comes under the Prostratus Group, making arching, semi-trailing growth. The leaves open bright yellow then become a little less vivid as they mature and the plants are dusted with pale blue flowers.

Height: 1 ft.
Width: Trailing
Water: Well-drained, sandy soil
Blooms: May - August
Exposure: Full Sun
Hardiness: Zone 7